Tissue Science 2021
Sessions & Tracks
Track 01: Tissue Engineering:
This interdisciplinary engineering has attracted much attention as a new therapeutic means that may overcome the drawbacks involved in the current artificial organs and organ transplantation that have been also aiming at replacing lost or severely damaged tissues or organs. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is an exciting research area that aims at regenerative alternatives to harvested tissues for organ transplantation with soft tissues. Although significant progress has been made in the tissue engineering field, many challenges remain and further development in this area will require on-going interactions and collaborations among the scientists from multiple disciplines, and in partnership with the regulatory and the funding agencies. As a result of the medical and market potential, there is significant academic and corporate interest in this technology.
Track 02: Tissue Repair and Regeneration
Deregulation of normal tissue repair has dramatic consequences for life quality and survival of patients. Together, insufficient healing (chronic wounds) and excessive repair after injury (scarring/fibrosis) cause healthcare costs reaching tens of billions of dollars per year in the US alone. Chronic and fibrotic healing occurs when the body’s own repair capacity is either impaired or overwhelmed. One approach in regenerative medicine is to replace injured, diseased or aged tissues with functional tissue equivalents. This approach is challenged by adverse host reactions that are part of the body repair program, e.g., immune, inflammatory, and fibrotic responses.
Track 03: Plant Tissue Culture and Plant Biotechnology
Plant Genetics qualities assume a key job in the cutting edge hypotheses of heredity. There are different present day methods to grow hereditarily change plants, hereditarily built harvests. Epigenetics is the trading between the heredity and the earth through atomic components (DNA methylation, quality quieting, fluorescent in situ hybridization.
Track 04: Clinical Medicine and Scaffolds
Clinical medicine relates to medicine field that deals mainly with the study and practice of medicine based on the direct examination of the patient. In clinical medicine, medical practitioners assess patients in order to diagnose, treat, and prevent disease.
Scaffolds are one of the three most important essentials constituting the basic concept of Regenerative Medicine, and are included in the core technology of Regenerative Medicine. Every day thousands of surgical procedures are done to replace or repair tissue that has been damaged through disease or trauma. The developing field of tissue engineering (TE) aims to regenerate damaged tissues by combining cells from the body with highly porous scaffold biomaterials, which act as templates for tissue regeneration, to guide the growth of new tissue.
Track 05: Bio Banking
Biobanks play a crucial role in biomedical research. The wide array of bio specimens (including blood, saliva, plasma, and purified DNA) maintained in biobanks can be described as libraries of the human organism. They are carefully characterized to determine the general and unique features of the continuous cell line and the absence or presence of contaminants, therefore establishing a fundamental understanding about the raw material from which the biological product is being derived and maintained. Biobanks catalogue specimens using genetic and other traits, such as age, gender, blood type, and ethnicity.
Track 06: Animal Tissue Culture
Animal cell culture is a significant tool for biological research. The importance of cell culture technology in biological science was realized a long time ago. Earlier dedifferentiation based experiments of cells due to selective overgrowth of fibroblasts resulted in the enhancement of culture techniques. Animal cell culture involves isolation of cells from a tissue before establishing a culture in a suitable artificial environment.
- Drug screening and development.
- Mutagenesis and carcinogenesis.
- Normal physiology and biochemistry of cells.
- Potential effects of drugs and toxic compounds on the cells.
Track 07: Regenerative Rehabilitation
Regenerative medicine is a branch of translational research in tissue engineering and molecular biology which deals with the "process of replacing, engineering or regenerating human or animal cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function".
Regenerative medicine also includes the possibility of growing tissues and organs in the laboratory and implanting them when the body cannot heal itself. When the cell source for a regenerated organ is derived from the patient's own tissue or cells, the challenge of organ transplant rejection via immunological mismatch is circumvented.
Track 08: Biomaterials & Bioengineering
Biomaterials are being utilized for the social insurance applications from old circumstances. In any case, consequent development has made them more flexible and has expanded their utility. Biomaterials have reformed the territories like bioengineering and tissue designing for the advancement of novel methodologies to battle perilous infections. Together with biomaterials, immature microorganism innovation is additionally being utilized to enhance the current human services offices.
Track 09: Genetics & Genomics:
Genetics could be a branch of biology involved with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms. Although heredity had been discovered for millennia, Gregory botanist, a soul and Augustinian religious operating within the nineteenth century, was the primary to check biology scientifically. Botanist studied "trait inheritance", patterns within the manner traits area unit handed down from oldsters to offspring. Genetics is associate knowledge base field of biology that specializes in the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and piece of writing of genomes. A ordination is associate organism's complete set of polymer, as well as all of its genes. In distinction to biology, this refers to the study of individual genes and their roles in inheritance, genetics aims at the collective characterization associated quantification of all of an organism’s genes, their interrelations and influence on the organism.
Track10: Histology And Histopathology :
Histology conjointly called anatomy or microanatomy is that the branch of biology that studies the anatomy of biological tissues. Microscopic anatomy is that the microscopic counterpart to anatomy, that appearance at larger structures visible whiles not a magnifier. Though one might divide anatomy into organology, the study of organs, histology, the study of tissues, and microscopic anatomy, the study of cells, trendy usage places these topics beneath the sector of microscopic anatomy. Histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of tissue so as to review the manifestations of illness.
Track 11: Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical engineering approaches to help aid in the detection and treatment of tropical diseases such as dengue, malaria, cholera, schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis, ebola, leprosy, leishmaniasis, and American trypanosomiasis (Chagas). Many different forms of non-invasive approaches such as ultrasound, echocardiography and electrocardiography, bioelectrical impedance, optical detection, simplified and rapid serological tests such as lab-on-chip and micro-/nano-fluidic platforms and medical support systems such as artificial intelligence clinical support systems are included in Biomedical Engineering Techniques.
Track 12: Artificial Organs
A Bioartificial organ is a designed device or tissue which is consolidated into human body to supplant a characteristic organ .It joins biomaterials and natural cells for completely substitution of patient disappointment organs. Example of bioartificial organ are bioartificial kidney device, joining biomaterials and kidney epithelial cells for enhanced blood detoxification, bioartificial pancreas device, consolidating exemplification of pancreatic cells for treatment of diabetes, bioartificial lungs for considering lung recovery.
· Prosthetic Cardiac Valves
· Artificial Lung (oxygenator)
· Bio Artificial Windpipe
· Artificial Kidney (Dialyser membrane)
Track13: Gene therapy
Human cell therapy and gene therapy is the administration of cellular and genetic material to modify or manipulate the expression of a gene product or to alter the biological properties of living cells for therapeutic use. Gene therapy is a technique that modifies a person’s genes to treat or cure disease. Gene therapies can work by several mechanisms: Replacing a disease-causing gene with a healthy copy of the gene, inactivating a disease-causing gene that is not functioning properly, introducing a new or modified gene into the body to help treat a disease.
Track 14: Soft Tissue Replacement
In soft tissue implants, as in other applications that involve engineering, the performance of an implanted device depends upon both the materials used and the design of the device or implant. The initial selection of material should be based on sound materials engineering practice. The final judgment on the suitability of a material depends upon observation of the in-vivo clinical performance of the implant. Such observations may require many years or decades. This requirement of in-vivo observation represents one of the major problems in the selection of appropriate materials for use in the human body.
Track 15: Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
Recently, cord blood stems cells are developed in the treatment of different diseases, including a broad range of cancers, blood disorders, and genetic diseases. In a cord blood transplant, stem cells are infused in to a patient’s bloodstream for healing and repairing damaged cells and tissue. In a successful transplant, new healthy immune system has been created. The natural power and purity of newborn's cord blood are responsible for healthy development during gestation. Cord blood applications have developed beyond transplant medicine into the areas of regenerative medicine including brain injuries, autism, Cardiac Problems, and Autoimmune Deficiencies. The latest research in routine transplantation of cord blood are reviewed followed by the critical role of cord blood stem cells in regenerative medicine research and novel approaches using cord blood as a source of whole blood for transfusion.
Track 16: Veterinary and comparative sciences
Veterinary Experimental and Diagnostic Pathology publishes high-quality basic and applied research that contributes substantially to our understanding of the pathogenesis of disease, its molecular, functional, and morphologic manifestations, and the development and application of novel techniques and biomarkers that enhance our ability to understand, detect, diagnose, and monitor disease in animals.
Rejuvenation is a medical discipline focused on the practical reversal of the aging process. Rejuvenation is distinct from life extension. Life extension strategies often study the causes of aging and try to oppose those causes in order to slow aging. Rejuvenation is the reversal of aging and thus requires a different strategy, namely repair of the damage that is associated with aging or replacement of damaged tissue with new tissue. Rejuvenation can be a means of life extension, but most life extension strategies do not involve rejuvenation.
- Cell immortalization and senescence
- Pluripotent stem cells
- DNA damage
- Gene targeting
Track 18: Biochips & Tissue chips
Biochips refer to the complete fundamental functional unit, capable of performing multi biochemical tasks simultaneously. Tissue chips on the other hand are similar miniaturized units that can replace a tissue or some part of it, enabling the organ to work normally. Both biochips & tissue chips have been elemental in tissue engineering technology and have proven to be of utmost importance in the same arena. DNA microarray also called as biochip in simple terms consists of a two dimensional grid system where upon sensors or solid flat substrates are incorporated. These solid substrates can be either positively charged just like silicon or glass or can also be consisting of integrated circuitry units that perform best in signal transduction studies. These sorts of microarrays have application in micromechanical studies.
Track 19:- Stem cells and Clinical trials
Stem cell transplant is treatment in some types of cancers like leukemia, multiple myeloma, or some types of lymphoma. Stem cell transplantation is the procedure that restores blood-forming stem cells in patients who have had theirs destroyed by the very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy that are used to treat certain cancers.
Clinical trials with Stem Cells
Stem cell treatments and clinical trials have been going on for over 40 years; however we are still in the initial stages of stem cell therapy being utilized as an effective alternative treatment method to traditional pharmaceutical based treatments.
Track 20: Grafts in Tissue Engineering
Grafting is a surgical procedure to move tissue from one site to another on the body, or from another creature, without bringing its own blood supply with it. Instead, a new blood supply grows in after it is placed. Different types of grafting contains skin grafting, bone grafting, vascular grafting and ligament repair. Skin grafting is most common used grafting technique. Wounds, burns and scars have been dealt with this efficiently. Bone transplantation is a bit difficult but well-known process to replace damaged bones. In Recent years cardiovascular disease are being combatted with the development of a tissue-engineered vascular graft (TEVG).
- Wound healing and repair
- Cartilage replacement
- Bone replacement
- Hip replacement