Tissue Engineering

Tissue engineering has also been defined as understanding the underlying principles of tissue and its growth followed by application to produce functional replacement of defective tissue for clinical use. It is based on the combination of cells, engineering materials and suitable biochemical factors in order to improve, restore, regenerate or replace biological functions in an effort to improve the clinical procedures for effective repair of damaged tissues and organs. It is an interdisciplinary field which applies the engineering principles and science concepts toward the development of biological substitutes which can restore, maintain, or improve physiological characteristics of organ.